1. Hold your bow correctly
There is a correct way to hold this when you are not playing it, to ensure that you do not accidentally damage it if you do drop it. The safe way of holding your bow is at its pointed end. This way, if you accidentally drop it, it will land on the grip end which is stronger.
If you drop your bow with the pointed end down, the end will likely crack or split. This may alter the tone of the instrument. In extreme cases, the value of the bow will depreciate by 90%.
2. Loosen the bow when not in play
After playing, always loosen the horse hair so the tension does not damage the bow. Remember to turn the bow screw left to loosen the horse hair. A bow that is always on tight tension will cause it to arch and damage the structure of the bow.
3. Never touch the bow hair with your hands
Our hands and fingers are naturally oily. Never touch the horse hair with your hands as this will stain it and affect the playability of the instrument.
4. Do not expose your bow to the elements
Like violins or professional cello for sale, bows are also made of wood and hence organic. Do not expose it to harsh elements like extreme heat or cold. A good temperature gauge is what our body is used to.
5. Do not over rosin your bow
While rosins are required for the bow, do not over rosin it as this will cause an excessive build up of white powder on the horse hair. Too much rosin will also produce a harsh tone. Always wipe your bow clean with a soft cloth after playing.
From time to time, you will also need to engage the services of a professional luthier to rehair your bow. A good bow if well taken care of will last you a lifetime.